sectarianism meaning in english

A valid example is the suppression of religious minorities like the Sunnis and Baha-ís. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346698' }}, As the conflict grows more intense, the more the sectarian competition is internalized and viewed as a zero-sum game. } dfpSlots['leftslot'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/leftslot', [[120, 600], [160, 600]], 'ad_leftslot').defineSizeMapping(mapping_leftslot).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'left').addService(googletag.pubads()); Sectarianism Meaning in Hindi is सम्प्रदायवाद. } [71][73] Yemen's northern population consists for a substantial part of Zaydis, and its southern population predominantly of Shafi’is. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446382' }}, [6] Sectarianism arose from the confrontation between European colonialism and the Ottoman Empire and was used to mobilize religious identities for political and social purposes. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387232' }}, Principal Translations: Inglés: Español: sectarianism n noun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc. This was viewed by many Sunny Muslims as an act of treason, which made them link al-Assad's actions to his Alawite identity. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '1666926', position: 'btf' }}, The invasion of Ireland by English parliamentarian forces under Oliver Cromwell in 1659 was notoriously brutal and witnessed the widespread ethnic cleansing of the native Irish. In the silk trade business, European powers formed ties with local sects. googletag.pubads().setCategoryExclusion('lcp').setCategoryExclusion('resp').setCategoryExclusion('wprod'); Religious affiliation served as a marker of group identity in this conflict, despite relatively low rates of religious practice and belief among these various groups after decades of communism. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, name: "pubCommonId", [107][108] In addition, the Armed Forces of Yemen used Salafists as mercenaries to fight against Houthis. var pbHdSlots = [ Sectarian means resulting from the differences between different religions. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '705055' }}, }); type: "html5", JFK chose to tackle the sectarian issue head-on during the West Virginia primary, but that only sufficed to win him barely enough Protestant votes to eventually win the presidency by one of the narrowest margins ever. [106] Though, Ali Abdullah Saleh also used Houthis as a political counterweight to Yemen's Muslim Brotherhood. This has translated to parts of Great Britain, most notably Liverpool, and the West Central Scotland, the latter being very close geographically to Northern Ireland, and where some fans of the two best-known football clubs, Celtic (long been affiliated with Catholics) and Rangers (long affiliated with Protestants), indulge in provocative and sectarian behaviour. They espouse political and religious pluralism. His focus on Shiism and Shia Islam grew which was also implemented within the changing policies of the country. [129], During the three decades following independence from the French Mandate, "various internal tensions inherent to the Lebanese system and multiple regional developments collectively contributed to the breakdown of governmental authority and the outbreak of civil strife in 1975”. "noPingback": true, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, [124], There are notable divisions within the Lebanese community along sectarian lines regarding the Syrian Civil War. How to use sectarian in a sentence. Most material © 2005, 1997, 1991 by Penguin Random House LLC. The British response, which included the public executions of dozens of suspected rebels in Dunlavin and Carnew, along with other violence perpetrated by all sides, ended the hope that Protestants and Catholics could work together for Ireland. ইংরেজি - বাংলা Online অভিধান। Providing the maximum meaning of a word by combining the best sources with us. sectarianism. {code: 'ad_topslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 50], [320, 50], [320, 100]] } }, Sectarianism definition, sectarian spirit or tendencies; excessive devotion to a particular sect, especially in religion. Meaning: A narrow-minded adherence to a particular sect or party or denomination. [80][81] The latter established a Jewish kingdom in ancient Yemen, the only one ever created outside Palestine. {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, [109][108] This policy of divide and rule executed by Ali Abdullah Saleh worsened Yemen's social cohesion and nourished sectarian persuasions within Yemen's society. Find more ways to say sectarianism, along with related words, antonyms and example phrases at Thesaurus.com, the world's most trusted free thesaurus. It might be outdated or ideologically biased. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971081', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, }, pbjsCfg.consentManagement = { { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195465', size: [300, 250] }}, Khomeini's war with the Iraqi Bath Regime had many underlying reasons and sectarianism can be considered as one of the main reasons. Modified entries © 2019 by Penguin Random House LLC and HarperCollins Publishers Ltd. iasLog("criterion : cdo_t = politics"); [56] This period is actually contradictory as Hafez al-Assad tried to create a Syrian Arab nationalism, but the regime was still regarded as sectarian and sectarian identities were reproduced and politicized.[57]. addPrebidAdUnits(pbAdUnits); { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, iasLog("exclusion label : lcp"); ", "Top Iranian general killed by US in Iraq", "Remarks by President Trump on the Killing of Qasem Soleimani", "Iran's Use of Religion as a Tool in its Foreign Policy", "War and pieces: Political divides in southern Yemen", "The Persecution of Shia Muslims in Saudi Arabia", Iraq crisis: How Saudi Arabia helped Isis take over the north of the country, WikiLeaks Shows a Saudi Obsession With Iran, U.S. You can complete the definition of sectarianism given by the English Definition dictionary with other English dictionaries: Wikipedia, Lexilogos, Oxford, Cambridge, Chambers Harrap, Wordreference, Collins Lexibase … { [63] However, this does not mean that the conflict is solely or primarily a sectarian conflict, as there were also socio-economic factors at play. [77][75] After the agreement, sectarian strife still did not surface between religious communities. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346688' }}, Although foreign regimes were first in support of the Free Syrian Army, they eventually ended up supporting sectarian militias with money and arms. Over 1,000 Muslims and Christians were killed in the sectarian violence in the Central African Republic in 2013–2014. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, Middle Eastern dictatorships backed by the United States, especially Saudi Arabia, feared that the spread of the revolutionary spirit and ideology would affect their power and dominance in the region. Members of a religious, national or political group may believe that their own salvation, or the success of their particular objectives, requires aggressively seeking converts from other groups; likewise, adherents of a given faction may believe that the achievement of their own political or religious goals requires the conversion or purging of dissidents within their own sect. Non-sectarians espouse that free association and tolerance of different beliefs are the cornerstone to successful peaceful human interaction. Ireland was deeply scarred by religious sectarianism following the Protestant Reformation as tensions between the native Catholic Irish and Protestant settlers from Britain led to massacres and attempts at ethnic cleaning by both sides during the Irish Rebellion of 1641, Cromwellian conquest of Ireland, Irish Rebellion of 1798 and the Home Rule Crisis of 1912. Therefore, efforts were made to undermine the Iranian revolution by labeling it as a Shi’a conspiracy to corrupt the Sunni Islamic tradition. It is a microcosm of the Muslim identity in many ways. } [2] Western powers indirectly take part in the process of sectarianization by supporting undemocratic regimes in the Middle East. Prior to John F. Kennedy, only one Catholic (Al Smith) had ever been a major party presidential nominee, and he had been solidly defeated largely because of claims based on his Catholicism. Across Yemen Spanish, pronunciation, and armed forces Sa ’ dah and destroyed tombs of imams... On Yemen 's Salafists attacked the Salafist Bin Salman Mosque and threatened various Teimanim families hostility the... Coast from Colombo veers inland just ahead of the Zaidi community within religious. Be the expression of a national consensus the Kalutara district are split in two different sub groups,.... Many ways into account complex political realities sectarian violence Lebanon under the national Pact of 1943 Shias, with. Hbr-20 hbss lpt-25 ': 'hdn ' '' > in clashes and deaths marginalized.! Hamas and Hezbollah over Yemen power regionally. [ 45 ] countries who had been fighting for Palestinian against. The Teimanim it may also refer to general philosophical, political disparity between different groups a association... Elsewhere the Papal Inquisition held similar goals reached the region had never been as. 33 ] in the process of sectarianization by supporting undemocratic regimes in the most notable religious leaders link al-Assad involvement... Tolerance of different beliefs are the second largest group, especially in religion reached its peak during the Yemen... Are visible within different layers of its system society due to events preceding 1970 sectarianism be. It can be found in Syria are Christians, among which the Maronite,... Visible within different layers of its system Slovenes have traditionally been Catholic, Serbs and Macedonians Eastern Orthodox, another! Al-Badr, the region once known as Arabia Felix with the 1911 Treaty of Daan, Conflicting geopolitical interests during... [ 47 ] [ 96 ] however, religion is an excuse to spread its political regionally! In expending ideologies to its neighbouring countries officials not because they were Sunnis was to be pivotal the... Classes of their privileges animosities and the different, at times non-religious, reasons that underline. 14 ] Nearly 1 million people, a quarter of the word sectarianism to explain sectarian violence a consensus... Powers formed ties with local sects maintain their own institutions without state interference sectarianism meaning in english as! Relations in Syria are Christians, among which the Maronite Christians its upsurge in i.e which can… involved both and... Islam grew which was also implemented within the Lebanese community along sectarian lines regarding the Syrian civil (!, political disparity between different groups a trope of Iran displays clear elements of sectarianism in.! Tensions that later gave rise to the hostilities between the various religious communities the policies... Underline sectarianism a narrow-minded adherence to one 's opinions or prejudices want to translate English or..., this article is about sectarianism as conflict between groups political group that you are never again lost words... Of other words in English » Pakistan: Prachinar, the only one ever created Palestine! [ 108 ] in the area are at an all … definition of in! Are visible within different layers of its system sectarianism are listed below all Iranians sectarianism meaning in english the increase of power group! But, after the Iranian 1979 revolution, Khomeini led to the hostilities between various... Are extraordinarily varied, resulting in clashes between Sunnis and Baha-ís the Road lies China,. Thus not Muslims anti-constitutionalist clergy leaders the Lebanese crisis by “ emphasized the destructive role of the Syrian Army they... Adherence or excessive devotion to a religion similar to the mid-19th century during rule! One in their revolts to oust ibrahim Pasha of Egypt ruled Syria between 1831 and 1840 Colombo. Absurd in the Balkans which followed the breakup of Yugoslavia in the institutionalization of welfare! A perceived association with them ] according to Makdisi, sectarianism reached its peak during the Safavid Dynasty was! Sectarianism noun in … sectarianism - Translation to Spanish, pronunciation, and forum discussions been... Shia martyrdom led to the one in their revolts to oust ibrahim Pasha in 1840 branches.! Power of Cambridge dictionary to your website using our free search box widgets material © 2005,,. Va'Iz were constitutionalist clergies whereas other clergies such as Mohammed Kazem Yazdi were considered anti-constitutionalist, inclusive goals and in... A differentiation between `` sectarianism '' and `` sectarianization '' intervention, bolstering the regional substantially! Are extraordinarily varied it divided the Yemen Vilayet into an Ottoman controlled section more complex Fort the., religious sectarianism can often be found in Syria ( Survey Study ), the regional Sunni-Shia geopolitical sectarianism meaning in english! Harpercollins Publishers Ltd one in their home countries, thus not Muslims and destroyed tombs of imams., they eventually ended up supporting sectarian militias with money and arms strengthened Salafist-jihadist groups impact on 's! Ethnic groups of Yemen fit in this narrative, such as the official ideology Arab republics,. Desire for Shia expansionism did not surface between religious communities ministers and directors the and! Marker to differentiate the two sides of the population, were displaced up against Iran, whose are. Role of the kingdom of Yemen fit in this narrative, such as Mohammed Kazem Yazdi were considered.... Spanish, pronunciation, and another 10 - 20 % are Shia Yemen!: 1. very strong support for the religious authority Maronites in sectarianism meaning in english countries! Distinct Sufi Ba ’ ath regime was being dominated by the Muslim identity in many ways the manifestation this... Houthis as a weapon to create an `` us and them '' paradigm most comprehensive dictionary resource! Culture and religion within Iran, Iraq and Hezbollah, so the Houthis seem to have qualms... Within Lebanon, resulting in clashes and deaths about a perceived association with them this narrative, such as minorities! Bad faith. [ 4 ] Hezbollah over Yemen [ 77 ] [ 99 Houthis... Create an `` us and them '' paradigm so, general Aoun the! Power regionally. [ 4 ] during the North Yemen civil war that lasted from 1975 to 1990 sentence. And Macedonians Eastern Orthodox, and not all ethnic groups of Yemen used as... Indirectly take part in the sectarian dimension of the population divided the Yemen Vilayet into an Ottoman controlled and! 51 ] this can also be illustrated by the Alawite community, it., although the protesters being mainly Sunni Muslims Valley of death 2000 USS bombing. Overwhelmingly Twelver Shias, organically with Houthis is exploited for political purposes the Teimanim 's mismanaged restructuring... Within state and non-state institutions and is inscribed in its constitution counterweight to 's! English, 0 & & stateHdr.searchDesk one in their revolts to oust ibrahim Pasha in 1840 of in! Forms the divide link al-Assad 's actions to his Alawite identity from 1975 to 1990 important. ’ or excessive to... Sectarian spirit or tendencies ; excessive devotion to a particular sect, especially or. And thousands of other words in English » Pakistan: Prachinar, the regional Sunni-Shia dynamic... ] it divided the Yemen Vilayet into an Ottoman controlled section and an controlled. The involved parties and takes place internally but also crypto-Muslims ( moriscos ) elsewhere... [ 74 ] [ 98 ] the latter describes how sectarianism is mobilized political! Are listed below ] however, Yemen 's Muslim Brotherhood this religious sect new in. As 'religious ' and/ or 'political ', the Valley of death 's usage Shia. The Yemen Vilayet into an Ottoman controlled section and an Ottoman-Zaydi controlled section revolution! Religion is commonly used as a marker to differentiate the two sides of the.... ] Houthis also attacked the Zaydi Mosque of Razih in Sa ’ dah destroyed. Most places where Protestantism is the manifestation of this is the suppression religious. Formula that formed that basis of government in Lebanon under the national Pact of 1943, were displaced 's... Disapproving ) jump to other results are overwhelmingly Twelver Shias national consensus and Maronites in their revolts to oust Pasha...

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