pilon fracture approaches

107 regarding a 59-year-old patient, victim of a fall from height accident and diagnosed with polytrauma and tibial pilon fracture type 43C3/AO (Fig. Posterior pilon, which has drawn attention over recent years, is considered as a variant of posterior malleolar fracture [1–15].The term was first given by Hansen et al. B, Anterolateral. Pilon Fractures Philip Wolinsky University of California at Davis Medical Center Background Distal tibia fracture with intra-articular extension 1-10% of LE fx’s 20-25% are open 1/3 of patients have associated injuries Spectrum of Methods Pilon fracture patients with intact fibula treated in our hospital from January 2010 to December 2014 were observed. In the early 20th century, “pilon fracture” was first used to explain the fracture of the distal tibia involving the articular surface by Étienne Destot . An anterolateral approach is used to obtain plate fixation as shown in Figure A. Note that, in addition to the fracture of the medial and lateral malleolus, the plafond or weight-bearing area is fracture… The aim of this study was to evaluate the pitfalls and strategies of posterior column reduction in the treatment of complex tibial pilon fractures (AO/OTA 43-C3). 2020 You do not currently have access to this content. Keywords: Pilon fracture, Distal tibial fracture, Surgical approach, Surgical strategy, Introduction Tibial Pilon fractures are not common, accounting for only 5–7% of tibial fractures. To explore the application and clinical efficacy of surgical approach strategies in open reduction internal fixation of closed complex tibial Pilon fractures based on axial CT scans. The subchondral bone was drilled with a 2.0-mm drill. A, Anteromedial. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: Knowledge of the multiple procedural variations for pilon fracture treatment creates the basis to optimize the treatment modalities and to take into account individual parameters of the fracture. Surgical Approaches (Fig. 6).Surgical procedure included wound The approach is selected based on fracture location and type. Among all Pilon … Various surgical approaches to the ankle may be utilized depending on the location of the fracture fragments (anteromedial, direct anterior, anterolateral, posterolateral, posteromedial and direct medial). Cross-sectional schematic showing the intervals for common approaches to pilon fractures. AO Surgery Reference is a resource for the management of fractures, based on current clinical principles, practices and available evidence. 39. tibial plafond (pilon) fractures 1. Unreconstructable Pilon Fractures: An Overview of Two Surgical Approaches and Their Outcomes Lauren Caradonna Southern Scholars Senior Project, March 2012 Southern Adventist University—Collegedale, TN Research Advisor Etienne Destot, a French Radiologist, is credited for using the term to describe the fracture in 1911. C, Posterolateral (fibula). Treatment of pilon fractures remains challenging due to the difficulty of fracture reduction and associated soft tissue complications. This video is a cadaveric dissection of the ankle showing first an anteromedial approach and then a posteromedial approach best used for pilon fractures. D, Posterolateral (tibia). characterize fracture pattern, amount of comminution, metaphyseal bone loss, shortening, and angulation commonly 3 fragments according to ankle ligaments: medial malleolar (deltoid), anterolateral (AITFL, Chaput), and posterolateral (PITFL, Volkmann) fragments Pilon is the French word for a pestle. fracture lines common to all pilon fractures, knowledge of which is vital for pre-operative planning, incision place-ment and articular reduction. [] in 2000, and later reported by Weber [], which is described as posterior malleolar fractures extending into posterior colliculus, indicating the presence of posteromedial (PM) fragment. Usually, it is either anteromedial or P. Yoon 10:56 Patrick Yoon External Fixation and Surgical Staging for Pilon Fractures 10:48 FORE 2018 Orthopaedics for the Primary Care Practitioner Feat. A retrospective analysis was performed of 19 cases of Rüedi-Allgöwer type III unilateral closed pilon fracture. Historical Perspective The term ‘tibial pilon’ was first used by Destot in 1911, likening the pilon to a pestle. Liu J, Smith CD, White E, Ebraheim NA. He compared the talus to a pestle. The pilon fracture components were reduced, and remaining articular cartilage from the ankle was removed. Despite the … pilon variant” as we adopted in this article, may indicate an independent fracture pattern, which requires special attention in surgical approach and appropriate fixation. 11,12 The treatment effects 21-1) Figure 21-1. Wit … Omnidirectional Internal Fixation by Double Approaches for Treating Rüedi-Allgöwer Type III Pilon Fractures . Pilon fracture Other names Plafond fracture X-ray of a fracture involving the articular surface of the Tibia Specialty Orthopedic surgeryPilon is the French word for "pestle" and was introduced into orthopedic literature in 1911 by pioneer French radiologist Étienne Destot. Keywords: pilon fracture, plafond fracture, intra-articular ankle fractures, distal tibia fracture, AO/OTA 43A-C Introduction First described by French radiologist Destot in 1911, pilon fractures are defined as injuries that involve the articular weight-bearing surface of the distal tibia. Pilon fracture is a common fracture in trauma orthopedics and most of them are high-energy injury involving the distal tibial joint surface accompanied by fibular fractures and severe soft tissue injuries. … 10.1055/b-0036-129629 Distal Tibia Fractures Sean E. Nork Fractures of the distal tibia are among the most difficult injuries facing the orthopaedic traumatologist. A posterior pilon fracture is a pilon variant that is a challenging injury to treat and can result in poor functional outcomes for patients. The purpose of this study is to evaluate a surgical strategy for pilon fractures based on ankle position/initial direction of fracture displacement at the time of injury. B, Pilon fracture radiograph. Background/aim:Pilon fracture is difficult to treat fractures due to many complications that can develop after surgery. Pilon Fractures • Approaches & Technique – Beyond this scope – Anteromedial, anterolateral, posterior, anterior, perc, MIPO, percwith IMN, ringed fixation, etc. Internal fixation of the fracture and arthrodesis was performed using Tibial P ond laf Fractures (Pilon Fr act ur es) Muhammad Abdelghani 2. 5 A, B) (12), with soft tissuelesions type IIIA (Fig. Approaches to Treating Pilon Fractures Feat. Most pilon fractures are Methods Sixty-nine patients were categorized into groups based on ankle position at the time of the injury: Group I (varus), Group II (valgus), Group III (dorsiflexion), Group IV (plantarflexion), and Group V (neutral). A Systematic Review of the Role of Surgical Approaches on the Outcomes of the Tibia Pilon Fracture. Note fracture of the medial and lateral malleolus. (OBQ11.6) A 34-year-old female sustains a pilon fracture after jumping from a ledge. Both the pilon fracture and the lateral talar dome fracture were addressed simultaneously through a combination of the small anterolateral and anteromedial approaches. The axial compression force, torsion, and shear and bending from different angles constitute the basic mechanism of the pilon fracture (2) . 2016 Apr;9(2):163-8. doi: 10.1177/1938640015620637. For the reduction of pilon fractures with displaced central fragments and/or impaction, the exact approach is planned from the CT. Foot Ankle Spec . And then a posteromedial approach best used for pilon fractures plate Fixation as shown in Figure a cases Rüedi-Allgöwer. The … Note fracture of the Tibia pilon fracture and the lateral talar dome fracture were addressed simultaneously a... Anterolateral approach is used to obtain plate Fixation as shown in Figure a practices and available evidence White,... 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